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Configuring Joomla Settings

In Joomla there’s a “Global Configuration” page which contains the general settings for a Joomla Website. There are a lot of settings within the Global Configuration that you can ignore unless you know exactly what you are doing, so in this tutorial we are going to focus on the more general settings that everyone using Joomla should know about.

Joomla Settings Video Tutorial:

Joomla Global Configuration

From the Global Configuration page you can access three sub configuration pages, you can access the Global Configuration page simply by clicking on the “Global Configuration” menu item located under “Site” from any administration page within Joomla. The three sub configuration pages are; Site, System and Sever, each contains settings relating to their title.

Joomla Site Settings

Generally when you click “Global Configuration” from the admin side of Joomla you are confronted with the “Site Settings” first. Joomla Site Settings will be the most common settings being changed by Joomla user as these are all the settings directly relating to the Joomla Website. Settings on this page are broken up into 4 sections; FTP Login Details, Site Settings, Metadata Settings, SEO Settings. I cover exactly how to use and setup the SEO Settings in the tutorial “Making Joomla SEF Using .htaccess” so I won’t cover that here.

If you didn’t setup a FTP account for Joomla while installing Joomla then you can enter it on this page under the “FTP Login Details”, this isn’t require but does make life easier when editing template settings and other things within Joomla Administration. For example when you change your template settings in Joomla the file containing those settings is set to an un-writable state meaning that the file cannot be edited until the file permissions are changed which can only be done with FTP access (this is a security feature). If you don’t give Joomla an FTP account to use whenever you change settings like this you have to manually change the permissions of the file that needs to be edited.

Under the “Site Settings” you can set whether your website is online or offline, plus the offline message (here is where you can say your site is down for maintenance or something). One of the main settings to be concerned with here though is the “Site Name”, this is the actual name for your website and basically the title for your homepage (this can be changed through other settings/extensions/etc). If you installed a new content/text editor you can also change the default editor used by changing the “Default WYSIWYG Editor”, with a fresh installation of Joomla you will only have one editor installed. The other options here can pretty much be ignored unless you know what you are doing.

Metadata Settings is the third section of settings on the “Site Configuration” page and is pretty important. I recommend having the option “Show Title Meta Tag” set to Yes, the title meta tag is helpful towards SEO. In the “Global Site Meta Description” it is recommend that you enter a description that describes what your entire website is about. This “Description” is seen in the search engine results so try and make it good. Same goes for the “Global Site Meta Keywords”, just enter keywords that are related to the entire topic/niche of your website, you can enter specific keywords for each different article later.

Joomla System Configuration

You can access the system configuration by selecting “System” from the 3 options at the top of the page. There are only a few settings you have to be concerned with on this page, don’t let the other settings confuse you. The main settings to worry about here are; User Settings and Session Settings.

User Settings allows you to change whether people/visitors are allowed to sign up to your website and what level of membership they are set to by default. In general if you do want to allow people to register it is best to have them set to “Registered” instead of any other options for the “New User Registration Type”.

The Session Settings simple lets you change how long it takes before a member is signed out of your website, this includes the administration side of Joomla also. By default it is set to 15 minutes, what this means is that if you are inactive on the site for 15 minutes you will be logged out, inactive means you haven’t browsed to any new pages or click on any buttons on the website, basically if you are away from the computer.

Joomla Server Configuration

The Server Configuration can mostly be left untouched the only real setting here that you would want to change is the time zone your website operates on, which is under the “Local Settings” section. Apart from that one option I would recommend leaving everything else on the page unchanged unless you know what you are doing.

Well that pretty much covers the Global Settings for Joomla, reading through this page may be a little confusing and I recommend watching the video at the top of this page for a better demonstration and explanation of the Global Settings for Joomla.